Acne scarring mainly occurs on the facial region after acne starts to clear up, leaving temporary and permanent markings. This can be unsightly and in most cases it’s noticeable even under makeup. Fortunately, there are treatments available to reduce or eliminate these imperfections.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What Causes Acne Scarring?
- How can I Prevent Acne Scarring?
- Options for Treating Acne Scarring
- Can Acne Scarring Heal by Itself?
- What are the Types of Acne Scarring?
What Causes Acne Scarring?
Acne scarring can be inherited genetically. It can also be caused by severe acne which is left untreated. As the skin pore swells up with bacteria, oil and dead skin cells (causing pimples) it causes the follicle wall to rupture. If the breakage is near the surface of the skin, the wound is usually minimal and heals rapidly. If the break occurs deeper within the pore, this causes damage to the dermis, killing healthy skin tissue and causing scars to appear.
How can I Prevent Acne Scarring?
Most importantly, you need to keep your skin clean, clear and free of pimple breakouts. This can be hard, especially if your skin is oily and prone to breaking out. You may require the help of a doctor or dermatologist. There are many acne management treatments available ranging from creams to prescription medicine. When you do have acne, many doctors will advise you not to pick or squeeze the pimple. Some say it’s acceptable to pop whitehead zits which are on the surface of the skin. Ask your doctor for further advice.
Options for Treating Acne Scarring
Acne scars can be treated in a number of ways. Unfortunately, there is no one size fits all treatment. The options should be tailored to the individual depending on the type and depth of the scars and the area being treated. Mild acne scarring can be treated with creams, chemical peels, microdermabrasion and laser skin resurfacing. Severe cases may require alternative treatment methods including dermal fillers, injections, punch excisions, skin grafting and/or punch elevation. You may end up requiring a combination of treatments.
Can Acne Scarring Heal by Itself?
Acne scarring does lighten over a period of time as your skin sheds dead cells. The average skin cell turnover takes about 28 days. However, many scars don’t completely heal especially if they are deep. Lighter scarring may fade to an almost unnoticeable state after several months. It may take years for deeper scarring to fade only a little. This is why many people who suffer from acne scarring turn to skin treatments.
What are the Types of Acne Scarring?
Many people don’t realize there are different kinds of acne scars. The types are largely based on their appearance, texture and predisposition. For example, acne scars can either be superficial (on the skin surface) or deep. They can also be localised to a particular area or scattered. Facial acne scarring can differ to body acne scars. If the scarring causes the skin to overproduce collagen, creating raised and thick skin tissue, this is called hypertrophic acne scarring. On the other hand atrophic acne scarring is where the scars are depressed (rather than raised) due to a loss of tissue.
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