Autologous Cell Therapy
This is a method of extracting and culturing cells from your own body and reintroducing cultured cells for a cosmetic, corrective or medical purpose.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is Autologous Cell Therapy Used For?
- How does Autologous Cell Therapy Work?
- Why is Autologous Cell Therapy a Safer Transplant Method?
- Autologous Cell Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Can Autologous Cell Therapy Be Used for Sports Injuries?
- Autologous Cell Therapy for Burns
What is Autologous Cell Therapy Used For?
ACT is a versatile procedure which can be used to enhance aesthetic appearance or medically to repair damaged tissue. Cosmetic treatments include around the eye wrinkle reduction, nose-to-mouth lines (nasolabial folds), corner of mouth to chin lines (marionette lines), to fill out acne scars and chicken pox scars. Plastic surgeons can also utilize Autologous Cell Therapy to correct scars, burn injuries and pigmentation problems such as vitiligo. Doctors are using cell therapy to treat arthritis and accelerate the healing process associated with trauma or injury.
How does Autologous Cell Therapy Work?
The procedure uses your own body tissue. The doctor or surgeon removes a sample of your skin cells. The sample removed is only very small as the cells are cultured and expanded. Once the cells are harvested and produced, they are injected back into your body.
Why is Autologous Cell Therapy a Safer Transplant Method?
Autologous means the donor and the recipient are the same person. An autologous transplant is safer than an allogeneic transplant because the cells are coming from your own body, which means there are no immunological differences. There is minimized risk from systemic immunological reactions, bio-incompatibility and transmission of disease which often occurs with cells not cultivated from your own tissue.
Autologous Cell Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis
ACT has been used to treat the autoimmune disease known as rheumatoid arthritis (AR). As part of this condition, the immune system attacks the joints causing inflammation, pain and joint erosion. This can have debilitating effects on the affected person, making movement very painful and eventually restricting normal daily activity. As part of the therapy, the doctor uses the patient’s own blood that is rich in growth factors for tissue regeneration. If you are experiencing joint pain due to arthritis, ask your health care provider about the possibility of using Autologous Cell Therapy.
Can Autologous Cell Therapy Be Used for Sports Injuries?
Doctors are using ACT to accelerate the healing process of sporting injuries as well as other conditions such as osteoarthritis. Sporting injuries treated with Autologous Cell Therapy include injury to the shoulder, spine, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle. During treatment the doctor draws approximately 30-50cc of blood from your own body and harvests the necessary cells (this takes about twenty minutes). Once harvested, the doctor injects the cells into the injury site. This fast tracks recovery by releasing growth factors and attracting Mesenchymal stem cells to the damaged site. The growth factors assist the body in repairing itself by stimulating stem cells to regenerate new tissue.
Autologous Cell Therapy for Burns
ACT can be used to generate skin grafts for burn victims. Doctors can extract the cells from a small piece of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) and grow these into a large number of cultured epithelia (lining tissue which covers the body’s internal organs, consisting of closely packed, flat cells). Cultured autograft skin transplantation can be used to cover surface area permanently for large and severe burns. This is particularly useful as the available skin required for a normal skin graft may otherwise be limited. The transplanted skin is not like normal human skin as it lacks normal skin features such as sweat glands and hair follicles.
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