A non-surgical treatment to improve age affected skin.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What are Dermal Fillers?
- What Are the Types of Dermal Fillers?
- What Are the Brands of Dermal Fillers?
- What Can Dermal Fillers Treat?
- How Are Dermal Fillers Injected?
What Are Dermal Fillers?
Often used in cosmetic surgery, dermal fillers are materials which can be injected into the skin to enhance its appearance. As the skin ages, it loses collagen and develops lines and wrinkles. Cosmetic surgeons can help reduce and reverse these signs of ageing with the use of dermal fillers. Since it’s a non-surgical treatment, it’s a less invasive option to plumping out the skin than other procedures such as laser resurfacing or a face lift.
What Are The Types of Dermal Fillers?
The classification of dermal fillers largely depends on what substance they are made from. Bovine fillers are produced from animal collagen (specifically from cow skin). Since the material is foreign to the human body, there is a risk of rejection. Allergy tests need to be carried out before using these types of dermal fillers.
Human collagen injections are safer than using animal sourced substances. Originally, the collagen was taken from cadavers (corpses) however scientists have since developed a way of manufacturing the substance in labs. The problem with human collagen was the results did not last. The body quickly absorbed the material, requiring repeat treatments every six to twelve weeks.
To overcome the problems associated with bovine and human collagen fillers, manufacturers have developed another type of dermal filler - hyaluronic acid. This is a sugar which naturally occurs in the body, most of it being found in the skin’s connective tissue. It doesn’t require an allergy test, lasts longer and injects smoother.
What Are Common Brands of Dermal Fillers?
There are many different dermal filler brands available on the market. Some of these include Aquamid, Artecoll, Artesense, Belotero, Bio-Alcamid, Cristal, CRM, Evolence, Hydrafill, Hylaform, Juvéderm, Matridur, Matridex, Outline, Prevelle, Puragen, Radiesse, Restylane, Restylane Perlane, Reviderm Intra, Restylane SubQ, Reviderm Intra, Surgiderm, Teosyal, Varioderm, Zyderm, Zyplast. Many of these are registered trademarks.
What Can Dermal Fillers Treat?
Dermal fillers can improve acne scarring, nose-to-mouth lines (nasolabial folds), smoker’s lines, sunken cheeks, smile wrinkles, crow’s feet (around the eyes) and forehead lines. They can also enhance lips, reshape the nose tip, strengthen a weak chin and improve scars, aging hands and dimples.
How Are Dermal Fillers Injected?
There are a number of techniques which can be used to administer dermal filler injections. Linear threading requires the full length of the needle to be inserted. Once in, the practitioner starts to inject the filler whilst drawing back the needle. Another technique, called fanning, only requires one puncture. Droplets of the filler are deposited under the skin at different angles. Another way of achieving different angles is to use separate punctures rather than just one and trying to angle the needle within the skin. The serial puncturing method enables the filler to be distributed evenly. Cross-hatching refers to a method where the specialist injects the dermal filler as the needle goes into the skin.